Linguistics exam questions and answers pdf

How would you define Linguistics? In what ways is Linguistics different from traditional grammar? What is the rationale behind the fact that Linguists regard speech rather than writing as primary? What is the scope of Linguistics? Explain the terms phonology, syntax and semantics?

linguistics exam questions and answers pdf

Talk about the importance of Linguistics to English Language Teachers? What is language? Do animals understand and use human language? Justify your answer. Discuss the difference between linguistic communication and non-linguistic communication. A useful approach that helps in distinguishing language from animal communication is a list of design features.

And how about hand shakes and facial expressions? What kind of evidence supports the idea that language is culturally transmitted? In what ways are communicative signals different from informative signals?

How would you define writing? What is the difference between ideograms and pictograms? Distinguish the phonological systems of writing from the non-phonological ones. Talk about the syllabic writing. Talk about the experiments with chimpanzees.

How did the Gardeners try to show that Washoes was not necessarily repeating signs made by interacting humans? Distinguish the natural-sound source from the oral-gesture one on the origin of language. Explain the term Glossogenetics. What does the divine source say about the origin of language?Complete the following test to find out how much you know about basic morphology.

Complete all answers and find out your results. There is no negative marking. An interactive guide to Linguistics for Natural Language Processing.

What is morphology? A The study of the rules governing the sounds that form words B The study of the rules governing sentence formation C The study of the rules governing word formation A B C.

Which best describes the English language? A English has complex morphology and less rigid syntax. B English has less complex morphology but more rigid syntax. C English has complex morphology and rigid syntax.

What can words often be divided into? How many different lexemes are there in the following list? Which sentence describes inflectional morphology?

A Adding a morpheme to produce a new word but the same lexeme. B Adding a morpheme to produce a new word and different lexeme. C Adding a morpheme to produce the same word but different lexeme.

Linguistics Sample Questions and Answers

Which sentence describes derivational morphology? B Adding a morpheme to produce a new word and a different lexeme. C Adding a morpheme to produce the same word but a different lexeme.

In the English language inflectional morphemes can be In the English language derivational morphemes can beThe questions above are interrelated — they can be used as independent questions or in series, according to the answers provided by the student. An Introduction to Pragmatics.

London and New York: Longman. Sample question 1: Based on your reading of Meaning in Interaction by Jenny Thomas, tell us which theories of politeness you know and how they view politeness.

Sample question 3: Why can pragmatics be understood as meaning in interaction according to Thomas? Is there any difference between utterance meaning and utterance force? If yes, explain and illustrate it. Topics based on Halliday, M. Reference general topic Sample questions Define the concepts endophoric and exophoric reference according to Halliday and Hasan. Give examples. According to Halliday and Hasan, how do endophoric and exophoric reference contribute to the perception of textual cohesion?

Do you agree with their approach? Are you aware of any alternative approaches? Relate cataphoric and anaphoric reference to endophoric and exophoric reference. Give examples of language devices that may create both cataphoric and anaphoric ties only anaphoric ties only cataphoric ties Answer: The student explains how cataphoric and anaphoric reference are related to endophoric and exophoric reference.

Note The questions above are interrelated — they can be used as independent questions or in series, according to the answers provided by the student. Topics based on Svoboda, A. What is the practical application of the FSP theory?

General Linguistics Test 1 (Preparation Questions).pdf

Suggested answer: The student will introduce the four factors of FSP: linearity word ordersemantics dynamic semantic functionscontext verbal, situational, experiential and intonation prosodic features and discuss differences in the interplay of these factors in individual languages, determining the relative degrees of communicative dynamism.You may be the Expert in the English Grammar Exercises but Sometimes you can feel the difficulty in finding the right words or phrases just to answer simple questions.

Are you the one among them? Here is the list of the top General English Questions and Answers which are asked in the competitive Exams. The Candidates who are preparing for any competitive exam must have to go through the English Questions and Answers. Individuals can also take help from the Online English Test which will be also beneficial to them. There are nearly around Hundreds of questions and several hundred answers to study.

Our recruitment. Each Interview question is listed below for each subcategory. These are the various categories associated with the English Language.

linguistics exam questions and answers pdf

In the competitive exams, we will find at least one question from above given each subcategory. Scroll down and find the solution to your questions. Review and analyze them as per your personality as many times as you want.

English is the easy scoring, less time-consuming subject only if you are familiar with the English Grammar. Aspirants are advised to Download the PDF and Keep it aside for future reference before exams or during the preparations. Download General English Question and Answers.

Its really very useful and will help a lot for SSC preparation. Thanx for uploading lot of papers…. Most reacted comment. Hottest comment thread. Notify of. Sumit Mandal.

Stay Connected with US. Basic Interview Questions. English Grammar Question Answers.Speak now. Linguistics has been a part of our civilization from times immemorial. Our linguistics-related trivia will put your skills to the test. Think of any aspect of linguistics and you will find it here, from grammar to pragmatics. What are the basic subdivisions of the Slavic language family? What common form of the verb is not found in Greek language? Hebrew and Arabic are both part of what language family?

Check out these and many more by taking our trivia and watch out for any slip of the tongue. What's Your Linguistic IQ? A simple quiz to test your basic knowledge of linguistics which involves, morphology, syntax, phonology, semantics, grammar, vocabulary, dialects and more! Sample Question. Linguistics Quiz. Have nothing in common with English. Belong to the Romance Language family.

Are only spoken in Western Europe. Are mandatory classes in California high schools. The Ultimate Linguistic Quiz! Welcome to a brief test on Linguistics. It contains different questions about the study of language, phonemes, and theory of Random Linguistics Terminology 1. Test yourself with this quiz on a random selection of linguistics terminology. Volunteering someone to do something.

The use of a verb or adjective as a noun. Giving something a name. AP Vocab Quizzes. AP English Quizzes.

Language Quizzes. Literature Quizzes. ESOL Quizzes. English Level Test Quizzes. The answer is C. A phoneme is the basic unit of sound, whereas a morpheme is the basic unit of meaning. In any dialect or language, a phoneme is the smallest sound used to provide meaningful differences between words and speech. Phonemes are a group. What is an antonym? The right answer is The word of opposite meaning.

What are other phonemes that do not involve the vocal cords and there is no vibration, such as the consonants h, t, s, p, k, l, and f called?Questions and Answers in Linguistics is an open-access online journal presenting papers focused on problematic areas of linguistic research, based on data from diverse languages.

As far as theoretical analyses are concerned, we are primarily interested in works within the generative paradigm, although papers using different theoretical approaches will also be considered.

We express an interest in interdisciplinary research employing methods from typology, historical studies, corpus studies and experimental psycho- or neurolinguistics providing an empirical background to purely theoretical research.

We assume that an exhaustive understanding of a phenomenon as complex as natural language can only come about from bringing together pieces of evidence from many different sources.

We accept submissions from professional researchers as well as from students. We are looking for original research papers presenting formal analyses, fieldwork, corpus research or experiment results and reviews of current literature.

The editorial board is participating in a growing community of Similarity Check System's users in order to ensure that the content published is original and trustworthy.

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Similarity Check is a medium that allows for comprehensive manuscripts screening, aimed to eliminate plagiarism and provide a high standard and quality peer-review process. Detailed description of the Similarity Check System can be found at: www. Home About us Subject Areas Contacts.

Advanced Search Help. Entire Site De Gruyter Sitegen. Sign In Create Profile. English Deutsch. Questions and Answers in Linguistics. Get New Article Alerts. Get eTOC Alerts. Overview Latest Issue Issues Editorial Questions and Answers in Linguistics is an open-access online journal presenting papers focused on problematic areas of linguistic research, based on data from diverse languages.

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External Links. Volume 5 : Issue 2 Dec Terms Privacy Latest News. Share Share.There is no logical relation between the sound or written word and the object. Same object have different names in different areas shows that there is no logical relation between word and object. So, language is arbitrary. In linguistics the method is applied by making observations, testing hypotheses and deriving theories. So, linguistics is a science but social science not a practical science.

Synchronic study of language is the study of language at a fix point or present but Diachronic study of language is the study of language change or study of language through history. According to Noam Chomsky competence mean the linguistic knowledge of the native speaker to understand and speak. According to Noam Chomsky the performance is the actual use of language in concrete situation. It is like Parole as described by Ferdinand de Saussure.

The different Speech Organs are teeth, lips, tongue, nasal cavity, alveolar ridge, hard palate, velum soft palateuvula and glottis etc. It is associated with formal speech. Dialect is variety of language used by a social or regional group and Idiolect is the variety of language used by an individual.

Register is the use of variety of language by the group of peoples of different professions like lawyers and doctors etc.

linguistics exam questions and answers pdf

Syntax is the arrangement of word to create a phrase or sentence in language. It is grammar or the rules to construct a sentence. Pidgin is the mixture of multi languages used by traders as second language and Pidgin when used by the peoples as first language it becomes Creole or Linguafranca. Bound Morphemes are element of a word with prefixes or suffixes cannot stand alone as a word but Free Morphemes stand alone, a single morpheme as a word.

Multilingualism means use of two or more languages by an individual or society. Code Switching is using more than one language and changing from one language to another but Code Mixing is using more than one language as mixture, use of multi languages in one sentence. Language lateralization refers to the functions of the left and right hemispheres in the brain and distinct functions of left and right hemisphere.

Inflectional morpheme is a morpheme that does not change the category of the word like smaller from small these both are adjectives. For example: great greater, tall taller, old older and short shorter.

Derivational morpheme is a morpheme that change the category of the word like movement from move here movement is a noun and move is a verb.


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